As related to the reading process, metacognition can be defined as contemplation concerning one's own thinking processes or knowledge of one's own thinking processes. Reading fluency and comprehension is a major problem for students today. Age and experience influence proficiency in metacognitive learning. As is obvious, the earlier and more frequently an individual practices metacognition in reading the more proficient he or she will become. Therefore, the earlier a child begins to practice this process, the easier reading and learning will be. Good metacognition will serve a student well through the years of academic learning. Metacognition is a higher functioning or executive skill and a derivative of cognitive skills brought to bear or impacting a reading task.
This process includes:
(a) understanding the instructions associated with the reading task or the purpose for reading. In addition,
(b) the type of reading material and would include all categories of text, reading books, ...