We always use a relative clause beginning with whose + noun, particularly in written English, when we talk about something belonging to or associated with a person. Compare: Example(1): Stevenson is an architect. Her designs have won international praise. Example(1): Stevenson is an architect (whose) designs have won international praise. Example(2): Dr Rowan has had to do all his own typing. His secretary resigned two weeks ago. Example(2): Dr Rowan, (whose) secretary resigned two weeks ago, has had to all his own typing.
We can use 'whose' in both defining and non defining relative clauses. We sometimes use 'whose' when we are talking about things, in particular when we are talking about towns or countries, and organizations: Example: The film was made in Botswana, (whose) wildlife parks are larger than those in Kenya. Example: We need to learn from companies (whose) trading is more healthy than our own. Example: The newspaper is owned by the Mearson Group, (whose) chairman is Sir ...
In formal styles, we often put a preposition before the relative pronouns which and whom: Example: The rate (at which) a material heats up depends on its chemical composition. Example: In the novel by Peters, (on which) the film is based, the main character is a teenager. Example: An actor (with whom) Gels on had previously worked contacted him about the role. Example: Her many friends, (among whom) I like to be considered, gave her encouragement.
Notice that after a preposition you can't use 'who' instead of 'whom', and you can't use 'that' or 'zero relative pronoun': Example: Is it right that politicians should make important decisions without consulting the public to (whom) they are accountable? (not... the public to who they are accountable.) Example: The valley (in which) the town lies is heavily polluted (not The valley in that the town... )
In informal English, we usually put the preposition later in the relative clause rather than at the beginning: Example: The office (which) ...
Finding yourself in a dilemma due to grammar rules while writing is quite embarrassing. No one wishes to get stuck in this situation. Though, grammar is tricky, but you cannot make your writing sophisticated without learning it.
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Common Rules That You Must Keep In Your Mind -
You must use a free online grammar checker to make your text errors free. Here, some of the most common mistakes have cited below.
1. Homophones -
They are words that hold different meaning, but sound the same. Before using them, you must come across ...
There is obviously no shortcut to mastering anything and the same goes with English grammar. It takes a significant amount of time to understand as well as put English grammar to use. However there are obviously ways to improve your grammar and help you to speak correctly and efficiently. Some tips and tricks that you must be working on to improve your grammar are as follows.
1. Concentrate on tense
This should be on top of your list. This is because the tense can dictate your verb and can define the exact timeline or period of your action or anyone's action. Thus you need to mandatorily memorize all the verb forms. The truth here is that we do not always use all tenses while speaking English. Thus try interacting with good and efficient English speakers to improve your own English.
2. Common pronouns
Concentrate on pronouns. A pronoun when used incorrectly can make your entire sentence incorrect. Thus any pronoun in particular should be used in the correct place in order to be ...