Elementary schools that still schedule students into self-contained classrooms could be depriving their students of a better education. Teachers in self-contained classrooms are not always the most qualified people to teach all four core subjects (literacy, social studies, math and science). In addition, teachers in self-contained classes are generally not confident in teaching all four subjects. Schools should seek other ways to schedule their teachers that better support both teacher and student achievement.
Before the school starts to develop a different model for its students, the administration should investigate the certification of all teachers. This will allow the administration to stay in compliance with all federal and state laws before giving teaching assignments. In-addition, the administration should talk with teachers to find out which subjects they are qualified to teach or would feel comfortable teaching.
This information will give administration the background ...
Motivation is the reason/s for doing something, factors which make us keen to do something. These reasons can be individual and personal or come from external sources.
If learners are motivated then classes are smoother and more productive. For example:
Motivated learners will be…
* Active classroom participants
* Ask questions
* Be prepared to take risks
* Willing to communicate
* Able to learn more
Un-motivated learners will be...
* Disinterested in activities
* Easily distracted
* Unwilling to communicate
As teachers it is our responsibility to ensure the learners are and remain motivated. There are a number of ways to do this:
* Personalise activities
* Do fun, interesting lessons
* Take an interest in the learners
* Be fully engaged in the lesson
* Make sure all tasks are successful
* Balance between praise and correction
* Be supportive of learner needs in the classroom; able to adapt lessons
~~There are numerous advantages and disadvantages to teaching/learning in a 1-1 environment. For example:
Learners have teacher’s full attention
Go at the learners pace
Teacher modified input suitable for the learners
No mixed abilities to deal with
Teacher needs to develop strategies & approaches for 1 learner
Higher STT (student talking time)
Focus on individual strengths and weaknesses
Learner more confident/less worried about making mistakes
Exhausting/demanding for both teachers & learners
Little published material available – difficult to adapt resources
Limited/no individual study time
Lesson can get monotonous
Can be difficult for T to take notes for correction
Chance of a personality clash
Learners focus of T attention
Easier to get side-tracked
No peer teaching/correction
Difficult to measure progress
Teacher is always ‘on’
1-1 is probably the oldest method of ...
Routines are very useful in classrooms and apply to both adults’ and children’s classes. These routines include:
Following the same format in each lesson
Learners always do the same action upon starting or finishing an activity e.g. putting their hands on their head, saying ‘finished!’
Always carrying out tasks in the same format. E.g. The teacher does the activity by themselves or with one learner, then two learners do the activity (with prompts form the teacher), finally the class do the activity.
Consistent application of classroom rules.
Reacting to children in a consistent manner. i.e. do not accept on type of behavior one week and then suddenly react very strongly the next week.
Introduce, check and practice new language in a complete fashion.
Advantages of routines in the classroom:
Learners know what is happening at any stage of the lesson
It can help with classroom management. Young learners know what will happen at different stages of the lesson ...
~~There are two ways to view reading in the younger learner classroom: learning to read and reading to learn.
Reading to learn involves target language and structures, which form part of the curriculum: for example the dialogue page of a textbook or unscrambling words or sentences. These activities are developing the learners awareness of language form, word order and, where supported by visual materials, context and usage. Reading to learn requires exposure to the target language before the reading activity can take place and so these activities are supported by input, drilling and often listening activities.
Learning to read involves recognition of letter and word shapes (looking at whole words and whole sentences), phonics (relating sounds to individual letters and blends and clusters of letters), and morphemes (e.g. adding ‘ing’ or ‘ed’ to a verb to change the meaning – listen – listening – listened).
Very often learning to read and reading to learn are combined. Learners are ...