Curriculum and instruction go hand in hand when it comes to meeting standards. Without a strong curriculum, instruction becomes lost and weak. Curriculum guides instruction and without curriculum there is no instruction. My theory is based on research and classroom experience as a teacher.
A short article on how to go about preparing instructional programs utilizing the Jay McTighe's and Grant Wiggins Understanding By Design. Understanding by Design is a new approach to the teaching/learning process by utilizing an entirely new, but very effective model - Backward Design.
by Khalid Al-Seghayer, Ph.D.
About using L1 in ESL/EFL classroom.
It's amusing now to think back to the 1960s and early 1970s when there was so much talk about replacing teachers with televised learning, computers and programmed learning systems. I remember reading articles titled, "Will teachers become obsolete?" Times have changed!
To be told or to be encouraged - the educator's conundrum. Research carried out by Elizabeth Bonawitz and Patrick Shafio published in "Cognition" recently addresses the question as to whether teachers should 'tell pupils' the way things are or encourage them to 'explore' and 'play' Remember in the review of the National Curriculum in which Michale Gove (Education Secretary) was reported as saying "lessons should emphasise the learning of facts and equip children with essential knowledge" and "every child must be given a "profound level" of mathematic and scientific knowledge" (The Guardian 20th Jan 2o11) Remember the collective sigh of educators who saw this as yet another call for a return to 'traditional' approaches that 'served us well in the past'.
At the height of the Communicative Approach, Task-Based Learning and approaches whose emphasis was not on grammar, to reject or even suppress explicit formal instruction became fashionable. Some (Krashen, 1982; Prabhu, 1987) even went as far as claiming that it was at best ineffectual and at worst an obstacle to L2 learning. However, there have been controversial arguments against this assumption.
In the 80s, as a music teacher for kids with labels and diagnoses, it was my joy to have had the forethought to have school systems buy mixing equipment and teach students how to use it. Was this outside-the-box education, or did I view the current trend and make it part of the classroom experience?
We live in an age of increasing competition for just about everything. There are those who firmly believe people everywhere love to compete. Then there are those who claim competition benefits only the winners, leaving behind a group of demoralized losers drowning in the wake of the successful.
As a principal, school administrator, or department head, your number one priority (after safely getting the kids out of the hallways and into a classroom) is to ensure that learning actually takes place in between the ringing bookends of your bell schedule.
Teaching English as a second or foreign language entails the use of both traditional teaching methods as well as instructional techniques that are unique to the study and learning of language. Based on the teaching experiences of educators around the world, different techniques should be deployed depending on the instructional purpose, the subject matter, and the students' level of competency, cognitive ability and enthusiasm.