Jan 5, 2019
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As related to the reading process, metacognition can be defined as contemplation concerning one's own thinking processes or knowledge of one's own thinking processes. Reading fluency and comprehension is a major problem for students today. Age and experience influence proficiency in metacognitive learning. As is obvious, the earlier and more frequently an individual practices metacognition in reading the more proficient he or she will become. Therefore, the earlier a child begins to practice this process, the easier reading and learning will be. Good metacognition will serve a student well through the years of academic learning. Metacognition is a higher functioning or executive skill and a derivative of cognitive skills brought to bear or impacting a reading task.
This process includes:
(a) understanding the instructions associated with the reading task or the purpose for reading. In addition,
(b) the type of reading material and would include all categories of text, reading books, ...
"You cannot teach a man anything, you can only help him find it within himself." Galileo Galilei
Mass media forms thrive today. As development show itself scientifically, students experience various media forms through technologies. These flourishing materials shouldn't be ignored; it is the role of ESL teachers to keep abreast with the present day coinciding language instructions to mass media forms as springboards of originally planned language tasks in attuning the interests of students that the real- world situation is constantly exposing them. There exist a one- to- one correspondence between technology and the mass media. As technology rises, mass media develops several forms that can be activated as operative materials in intellectually influencing interested individuals. To be able to discover these materials' educational potentials, teachers need to discover the essence of media literacy by evaluating their viability, themselves.
Environmental changes influence learners ...
~~Learning a language involves learning new words. The more words you know the more you will understand and the better you will be able to communicate.
It is said that in order to “get by” in a foreign language you need a vocabulary of at least 120 words.
Read: The more words you are exposed to the better vocabulary you will have. When you read and see words you don’t know first try to guess the meaning from the sentence/story and then look the word up. Read and listen to things you are interested in. There are lots of graded/guided readers available and even manga/comics.
Play with words: Do puzzles, crosswords, play scrabble etc. Many of these are available online.
Themes: Focus on a single theme per week, the mind naturally links connected words together.
Use context: Research shows that the vast majority of words are learned from context. Pay attention to how words are used, the sentences etc.
Review: When you learn new words recycle them (use them again and again) this ...
As teachers we often feel we are the driving force in the classroom. It’s our classroom and our students so it’s our responsibility to make sure they learn the language. Maybe by sheer force of personality we can drive the language into our students’ heads. Teaching can sometimes be like an aerobic exercise, where we teach ourselves into a sweaty mess valiantly trying to force language into our students.
Ironically it may well be the case that the more we do in the classroom the less our learners understand. Doing too much in a classroom can be a distraction to the language itself, just because we are talking does that mean the students are learning? Although we all want our learners to be entertained, can we sometimes lose sight of the ultimate goal in our classrooms? Our classrooms should be about the language and the learners. Our role in the classroom should be to facilitate this as much as possible.
The adage ‘you can lead a horse to water but you can’t make it drink’ ...
This article covers teaching how to say and write words, i.e., phonics and spelling, to intermediate grade, elementary students (4-6) within a content literacy program, meaning a program that includes instruction in reading, writing (which includes spelling), listening, speaking (which includes oral reading and discussion), viewing, and presenting INFUSED into the subject areas of science, social studies, math, language arts, and literature.
Infusing Word Instruction into the Subject Areas
Intermediate grade, elementary teachers teach their students how to say key words, i.e., words that represent important concepts and ideas in the content subject areas, and how to write key words accurately, i.e., spell words, through content literacy strategy lesson plans aimed at saying and writing words.
These lesson plans are different than the ones aimed at learning vocabulary, which are more focused on learning word meanings, but that is not to say that the two cannot be taught in concert with ...
~~Cube Toss: In pairs learners are given a basic die template and asked to write their favourite: sport, movie, singer, food, drink, etc. Once their die has been constructed give each pair a standard die. Learners take it in turns to roll their die to decide the topic of conversation while their partner rolls the standard die to determine the number of questions they have to ask (e.g. if they roll a 3, they ask 3 questions). Learners take turn asking each other questions.
Word Halves: Choose some vocabulary to review. Write it out on bits of paper. Cut up the word into two halves and have learners match the word halves. Alternatively, these can be written on the board, drawn as accompanying pictures, and extended by getting them to make their own word halves.
Anagrams: Choose vocabulary to review and jumble up the letter order and in pairs learners race to spell the words correctly.
Sentence Order Games: Choose a suitable dialogue. Write each sentence of the dialogue on a separate ...
Using Notebooks with Young Learners pt1
Notebooks are an almost universal part of young learner courses. They are a great resource for helping with reading and writing. With notebooks learners have a permanent record of what they have achieved in class, and can also be used, week on week, in project work and extended activities. They also provide a chance for parents to see what their children have bene doing in lessons.
Below are some ideas for activities using the notebook. This will be part one of the series.
Draw a simple picture on a piece of paper. This could be just a series of shapes; e.g. a square with a triangle on each side, or else a simple picture; e.g . for a house you could have a square with a triangle on top of it and then a small rectangle inside for the door etc…
Keeping the picture hidden, read out a description of the picture; e.g. draw a square, draw a triangle on the square. The children should then draw the picture following your ...
Learning a second language is always beneficial in numerous aspects and when it comes to learn English, it gives you plenty of functional benefits concerning your day to day life. Being a smooth and confident English communicator would help you out conversing with more and more people from the corners of the world, makes your way of thinking broader, and makes easy to get a good job. Apart from these, there are numerous other advantages of learning English and a few of them is mentioned below.
1) Better intellectual flexibility:
This indicates that people who know two or more languages can become accustomed themselves to an unexpected circumstance quicker than people who know single language because learning a second language builds up new concepts of their mind and boosts their skill to focus and process information.
2) Perk up memory and makes you a more cognizant thinker:
Once you become aware new words or sentence structures, you have to keep them in mind and implement them, an ...