Oct 6, 2018
Other 578 Views
Over almost fifty years in the classroom, I found I needed to find ways to reduce stress. Stress became greater as I accepted more responsibility in the second half of my career as a head of a large Mathematics department. During this time, the school grew and there were significant changes in the Mathematics syllabi and in the teaching of Mathematics.
I found that my time was not mine anymore with students, parents, teachers and the school administration wanting my time. Below is how I chose to meet stress head on.
The first thing I realised was that I had always to be available for consultation for thirty minutes before and after school so that teachers, students, parents and the administration could see me. This left me no recourse but to use the time before and after these periods for my planning, setting and the marking of assessment. (In normal term time, I was always reluctant to take work home. Only at exam marking time would I do that so that I finished my marking quickly to ...
May 16, 2018
Teaching 573 Views
NB: The information contained within these notes is generic and while is relevant for Asian learners, not just Japanese, not all learners will have the problems outlined below. Learners are individuals and these notes are not meant to be exhaustive but an introduction to the issues faced by Japanese/Asian learners.
Despite studying English for at least three years in Junior High School, three years in High School and the possibility of two-four years at university, many Japanese adults still have real problems using English. Although recently teachers have been using more communicative methods in Junior High Schools, translation is the main method of teaching in High School and this is the system most of our adult learners have been through – where the focus has been on grammar and reading. Most Japanese English teachers are reluctant to speak English themselves, or may not have high communicative ability, as most learning in schools is aimed at getting students through exams.
May 15, 2018
Classroom Materials 555 Views
Craft activities are great fun in the classroom and are especially effective young learners. Activities can take more time to prepare in advance, and can turn out to be messy, but they also create meaningful learning opportunities and help make language seem more real. Below are some of the advantages of doing craft in the EFL classroom as well as some top tips for carrying them out.
Advantages of craft activities
Craft encourages children’s creativity and allows them to express themselves and their own designs. As with all creative tasks, this works best when children are given a clear template or outline of what they will do and all they need to do is personalize small parts for themselves.
Young learners especially tend to be kinaesthetic. They interact with the world by touching and exploring, which make the objects more real for them. Craft activities tap into this natural inquisitiveness by getting them to work with things they can ...
Sep 26, 2018
Other 528 Views
Playschool is the first steps of the child towards his or her future. It is an essential part of a child's early education. Preschool is supposed to be the stepping stone for a child's foundation. Preschool provides a foundation for learning both socially and academically that will help your child succeed in elementary school.
Playschool gives a child exposure to the world and helps him understand the morals and lessons which he/she carries with themselves in the future.
Benefits of Preschool in a child’s life-
Growth in a child- Playschool helps a child grow into a better human and gives the child’s the confidence he needs for his future to tackle the world in front of him or her. It's an opportunity for a child to learn and understand things and follow instructions given to him/her.
Improved attention spans- Children are curious and interested in learning new things. Quality education is essential for a child. Something new and exciting always grabs the attention of the little ...
Learning English as a Second Language can be a battle. Sometimes, it is difficult to stimulate students to remain motivated, due to the challenges they face, perhaps balancing work and study, or feeling daunted by the complicated nature of the English Language.
As teachers of ESL, there are ways of making ESL learning fun. Here are some suggestions:
*Play interactive games, whether in a classroom, or one-on-one tutoring environment. Ideas can include scrabble, or lucky dip, using a bag containing spelling words, or conversation or writing topics. Or you can use a shoe-box for "Pick a Box", so students can choose a lucky envelope with a spelling word, or writing or discussion topic.
* You can virtually adapt any board or TV game to enable learning English skills. For games such as Jeopardy, you can use play money as a motivator. Determine how much each student can 'win', by answering questions or spelling words correctly. Even 'hangman' is a good fun interactive way of learning new ...
Jun 14, 2018
Classroom Materials 515 Views
~~Pictures and photos are a valuable resource for stimulating classroom communication and can be used for more than setting the scene and eliciting vocabulary. Rather they can provide numerous opportunities for learning English while communicating about real-world events.
The activities listed below are merely some examples and can be easily modified and adapted for use with different learners, a wide range of target language, communicative goals and learner needs.
As with all activities these need clear, imaginative demonstrations to encourage learner participation. Using 2 or 3 pictures as examples when setting up the activities will help learners see how they can adjust for different situations. Eliciting ideas during the demonstration helps engage the learners and avoid misunderstandings. Learners need to feel safe in the classroom before they are willing to be creative and play with the language and activity.
• Alternative Scenarios – learners create a story to go with a picture ...
Communicative Activities for Low Level Adult Students: pt1
Communicative activities are the bed rock of the modern language classroom. However for lower level learners it can be difficult to come up with effective freer practice activities, suitable for their level. Below, and in part two, are some ideas for activities that work well with these levels.
Activity: Celebrity Heads
Target Language: Personal Adjectives: tall, short etc.. He/she is/has got
Materials: Poster, photos or magazine
Procedure: Show students pictures of various different celebrities, and then ask each student to choose one. They should then write three sentences describing the person they choose. The students then read out their sentences and the others have to guess which celebrity they are talking about.
Alternatively students write sentences about the celebrities and then fold them up. The teacher then collects in the papers and put the students into groups. They give each group some of ...
Mar 14, 2018
Teaching 495 Views
~~Reading is a very important element in our everyday lives and learning (83% of our learning is visual) and it is important to consider that we never stop learning to read.
How do you read the following text styles?
Poetry, stage dialogue, a cinema listings page, a web page, a text message, a train timetable, information on an air ticket, an instruction booklet, a recipe, an academic text, the news bar that runs under newscasters on television, fictional genres (Sci-fi; thrillers etc.)
You have learnt, through exposure and practice, to read all of the above and each of them requires a different application of reading strategies. To understand these texts the reader needs a good grasp of language, knowledge of the writer’s culture and appropriate strategies to read the information. With all this in mind we can help our learners become better readers.
First, we will look at how we read and then look at some practice activities.
We read things that interest us
Obvious when you think ...
Parsing English sentences is a great way to learn about English grammar, and to master practical skills.
Here are some steps to practise parsing.
(1) Find the verbs, determine whether they are Active (Action of Verb) or Passive (Received action of Verb).
(2) Locate auxiliary (or helping) verbs.
(3) Identify tense of verb--(Past, present, or future).
(4) Identify subordinate clauses, and their tense.
(5) Determine the basic elements of each sentence.
(6) Identify subject of sentence--what is the sentence discussing?
(7) What type of sentence is it? Is it a statement, question, exclamation, command (imperative).
Elements of Grammar:
(1) Verbs, auxiliary verbs.
(2) Nouns, (common, proper, abstract, collective).
(3) Adjectives--describe nouns.
(4) Adverbs--qualify verbs,
(5) Conjunctions--joining words. (and, but, nor).
(6) Articles--qualify nouns. (the, that, a, an, this, that).
(7) Pronouns--used in place of nouns/pronouns. (I, you, he/she/it, we, they).
(8) Preposition--Modify nouns. ...
Sep 12, 2018
Tutoring/Home School 487 Views
Here are some effective tips for planning to write a Persuasive or argumentative essay.
--Read the topic,
--Think about positives and negatives of the issues in the topic.
--Brainstorm arguments 'for' and 'against'.
--Consider the overall picture/key idea of the topic.
--Make your sentences about ideas.
---Here is a template, like a 'recipe', for planning the paragraphs for paragraphs for a persuasive essay.
BASIC ARGUMENTS: (Expand and adapt to each topic).
POSITIVE ARGUMENTS: (Example topic: Should sport be compulsory in schools?)
(1) Progress is good.
(2) Need to live in the 21st Century.
(3) Same methods lead to same results.
(4) We all need to be responsible.
(5) If we don't change, we might regret it.
(1) What happens next?
(2) It is expensive.
(3) It affects people's freedom, to choose to do what they want.
(4) What is wrong with what we are doing now?
LAST PARAGRAPH (Conclusion):
Consider the topic in relation to its effect on any of these:
(1) Social ...