Dec 8, 2017
Teaching Methodology 871 Views
With the No Child Left Behind legislation, teachers are being increasingly pressured to meet several standards, both at the state level and federal, as well as being accountable for the progress of their diverse student body. Many teachers don't feel comfortable teaching English Learners, and so presenting the content in a way that is efficient and effective can appear daunting.
The answer may be in integrating across content areas. According to the Utah Education Network, when we integrate content areas, instruction increases in depth and cross curricular connections to real life emerges. With English Learners, this will mean more opportunities to explore, investigate, and, scaffolded learning through the use of funds of knowledge, and motivation to demonstrate and share findings through multiple channels of production.
Short and Eschevarria (1999) recalls how teachers find the task of fitting all standards of language skills and content into each and every language lesson. They ...
by Timothy G. Weih, Ph.D.
Feb 6, 2017
Teaching 858 Views
Learning to Read Begins in Infancy
Reading fluency is a crucial ingredient of reading comprehension. Research has suggested that elementary students who are not reading within certain parameters of reading speed, accuracy, and expression, experience compromised understanding of what it is they are reading.
In order to fully understand how students learn reading fluency, we need to take a look at how infants began to acquire speech. When parents are talking to their infant, the child looks at their faces, and listens to their voices, and then, at a certain stage of development, begins to mimic what he is observing with his senses. At first, his attempts at speech are known as “baby talk;” however, he soon learns to form words accurately by listening to the speech he hears, and by watching the facial expressions that go along with the voices, that together, communicate meaning.
When an infant is being read to, the opportunity for him to acquire speech, and to make associations between ...
Oct 12, 2016
Study Abroad 857 Views
In the present age, the available streams of education are vast. There are thousands of courses offered by reputed universities and enrolling for one of them can help you to elevate your skills and your demand in the market. With blooming technology these days, it has become easier for students to determine their business careers with the help of experts. Many education directory websites have been established and surfing these portals can help you to understand how opportunities are just waiting for you. Taking online courses offered by universities has become a common practice and there are plenty of benefits hidden to it.
The first big benefit of finding courses through school directory websites is the number of alternatives made available for prospective students. You have a plethora of listed institutions that offer online courses and you have the right to choose one as per your preferences and choices. Some of these institutions may mention certain eligibility criteria, which ...
by Timothy G. Weih, Ph.D.
Mar 9, 2017
Career Development 856 Views
Very Little Downtime
Teaching, unlike most professions, has very little downtime. Through their eight hour shift, they are primarily in front of their audience, i.e., students, the entire time. In comparison, another profession that covers information for an audience is a television journalist (I am referring to the profession of researching, writing, and reporting-not the profession of just reading teleprompter scripts someone else has prepared), but instead of being broadcast on the television for their entire shift, they are usually being broadcast for only about 30 minutes. For the remaining seven and a half hours of their workday, they are making their preparations. In comparison, for teachers, these preparations are worked on outside of their eight hour shift-that is, on nights, weekends, and holidays. It’s during these times that teachers are developing curriculum, creating instruction, and grading student work. While they are physically with their students, similar to a ...
~~What knowledge are you using to read this? One thing you are using is your knowledge of the grapho-phonemic relationships of English, i.e. the links between written letters and the sounds they represent. You’ve also had a lot of practise with English spelling conventions. You’re using your knowledge of English grammar and quickly take in the morphemes of English, the grammatical units of meaning such as the –ed ending we use to make the regular form of past tenses. All these skills took a while to build up. It’s also going to take our learners a long time to build up these same skills.
Let’s start by considering the basic skills you need to build up to become literate. Reading can be seen as decoding different pieces of information. We use visual information when we recognise written symbols. We use phonological information when we connect these symbols to sounds. Finally we use semantic information when we use these symbols and their sounds and connect words to meaning. Phonics ...
~~Communicative activities are tasks or activities that involve the learners using the target language to communicate with each other.
The point is for learners to be using the language themselves to try to mimic realistic exchanges they could have in the real world. Communicative activities should be learner centred as opposed to drilling activities which require the teacher keeping more of a focal role. Obviously at this age it is difficult to produce genuinely authentic language but as far as possible we should try to set up activities that mimic real life uses of English.
For young learners any activity where the learners communicate directly with each other and not the teacher can be a communicative activity. Even a simple game like Whispers is a communicative activity for young learners.
Below are some communicative activities.
• Role plays – children could act out dialogues based on real scenarios and could then either adapt the dialogues or ‘write’ new ones to personalize the ...
Aug 26, 2017
Young Learners 852 Views
The issue of Primary school homework is one of the most contentious in education. A quick scan of the newspapers and social networking sites reveals an ongoing debate that never seems to reach any kind of resolution, not least because the four parties involved (policy-makers, schools, parents and the children themselves) rarely see eye-to-eye on the matter.
For policy-makers - usually several steps removed from the classroom - homework is often perceived as a panacea for ailing achievement levels. If children can do more outside school to reinforce what they have learnt in the classroom, progress will be faster and standards will rise sooner.
The reality is not so simple. For while some parents positively welcome homework, seeing it as a sign of a school's serious intentions, there are many more who regard it as little more than an unwelcome intrusion into family life, for a variety of reasons.
Some simply harbour a straightforward belief that children work hard enough at school and ...
Mar 5, 2017
Teacher Training 851 Views
When instructional coaches are initially entrusted with the responsibility of supporting the needs of teachers through a teacher-centered, student-centered, or combination of both models, they often feel like a fish out of water. Whether they transition from the role of a classroom teacher to a coach or whether they are hired from outside of the school district, they often find themselves wondering where to start on this adventure we call coaching. Instructional coaches are generally equipped with a specialized knowledge regarding a content area or several content areas, however, their knowledge is not the pre-determining factor as to how successful they will be, but instead their ability to build relationships is the key.
Theodore Roosevelt was once quoted as having said: "People don't care how much you know until they know how much you care". The most effective coaches are the ones who not only demonstrate care relative to their position or about their specialized knowledge, but ...
Jun 19, 2017
TOEFL/TOEIC/IELTS 847 Views
IELTS Test is regarded as one of the most popular and trusted 'English Language Test' all over the world. As per records, 135 countries accept the IELTS certificate and nearly as many as 2.7 million candidates take the test, annually. Naturally, the benchmark of the test is set very high and only the most competent candidates become able to come out with success. Candidates know that clearing the test with a high band score is as good as ensuring a bright career overseas. Though clearing the IELTS Test is not as tough as it appears to the mind of most of the non-native English speakers, but not as easy as to call it 'Anybody's job'.
1) IELTS Academic Test and the 2) IELTS General Training Test, are the two modules of the IELTS tests, and the tests are designed and structured in such a flawless pattern that, calling it 'The Ultimate Test of Proficiency in the English language' is not an exaggeration at all. So, for the ultimate test a candidate's preparation has to be absolutely ...
There could hardly be a profession more unique than TEFL. A candidate may be a fresh biology graduate or someone who has never left their hometown; choosing the profession of a TEFL teacher will help make these factors a thing of the past. An online TEFL/TESOL course in Bangalore is unique in that it is easy to qualify and offers valuable employment prospects in exciting locations. Moreover, if an individual happens to possess these 4 qualities, then they are sure to hit instant success in the TEFL teaching profession.
The TEFL industry is a rapidly developing one so there will be plenty of opportunities for the interested candidates. However, no two teaching positions are likely to be the same as every company has an ideology of its own and will want things done in their own way. Candidates should look upon this as a valuable learning experience rather than arguing over it with the employers. There is no end to improving one’s teaching skills.
TEFL professionals are also ...