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As a result of globalization and technological progress, English as a language started to be widely learnt and taught. Throughout history, that language was influenced by other languages such as French and German.
Historical Development of the English Language
Baugh et al (2002) have explained the idea that today's English language is resulted from centuries of political development and social events which affected the English history and as a result they had an impact on the English language. The history of the English language can be summarized in four phases of evolution: Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English, and Present-Day English. Old English is the language used between 450 AD and 1100 AD, the period from 1100 to 1500 is Middle English, Early Modern English was used between 1500 and 1800, and the period since 1800 is Present-Day English. The Roman conversion of the church of Britain in 597 AD, made contact between England and Latin civilization and ...
Aug 27, 2016 English as a Second Language (ESL) 17476 Views
In order to assess how compatible Krashen's and Swain's views are, it is essential to first outline the basics of each view, that is, the main tenets of their hypotheses.
As part of his Monitor Model, Krashen (1981,1982, 1985) formulated the Input Hypothesis, which claims that language input (listening and reading comprehension) constitutes the main communicative process through which we acquire a second language. Krashen believes that fluency in speaking or writing in a second language will naturally come about after learners have built up sufficient competence through comprehending input. However, it is not just any kind of input that is appropriate or effective, or as Krashen puts it, not all input will produce intake. The term "intake" is closely linked to how affective factors affect second language acquisition (SLA from now on), and this is how this author refers to the amount of input that is effectively assimilated by ...