~~Talking about the future in English can be difficult as technically there are no future tenses in English. The future is not fixed – it does not exist yet. So in English we use a number of forms and structures to express the future. It is usually the degree of certainty about the future decides our choice of structure or tense. But the distinction between choices is not always clear.
Native speakers of English vary their future forms depending on:
* variety, to avoid repetition
* formality, use “will” instead of “going to”
* type of text, “will” is generally used to make weather predictions
Ways of talking about the future in English.
For unplanned future events/instant decisions – I’ll get it!
For expectations/predictions that are not based on present or past evidence – England will win the match
To make promises – I’ll see you tomorrow
* Going to (be + going to + verb)
For predictions based on past or present evidence - She’s going to have a baby
For pre-meditated ...
Nov 16, 2017
Teaching 693 Views
~~Drama activities provide good practice of the target language, variation in the lesson and, through fun, stimulate the learners. Drama activities provide good practice of the target language and good variation in the lesson. These activities needn’t occur all the time but the more familiar learners become with drama activities the more successful the activities will be.
Drama activities need careful setting up and lots of encouragement and can involve materials production as well as very basic writing and reading skills. To be really successful the activities need props or realia and almost certainly prompt or flashcards to help the learners.
* Simple actions, structures & words can be practised through movement and chanting activities
* Mime & action games can be used as team activities – e.g. one team (A) selects an action for an opposite team (B) member to perform – team (B) have to say what the action is
* Change the settings of basic role-plays to make the activity more ...
Nov 14, 2017
Learning Methodology 785 Views
The following is an article response to the discourse between two prominent researchers, Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, who debated on the psychogenesis of knowledge and its epistemological significance (Beakley, & Ludlow, 1992). The premise of the debate, led by Piaget, was to argue that the hallmark of cognitive development is "construction of the new", a constructivist concept. According to Piaget, constructivism explains how individuals are actively involved in a constructive exchange with the environment through assimilation and accommodation which contributes to the acquisition of learning and of knowledge (Piaget, 1980).
Piaget argues against those notions of association because those models do not support how anything can be produced from nature, since individuals, as emphasized by John Locke, are born with a 'blank slate'. These anti-empiricist and anti-behaviorist notions are challenged by Chomsky. Chomsky disagrees with Piaget's notion of constructivism and he claims ...
Nov 14, 2017
Study Skills 731 Views
Motivation to study is when you have the eagerness to study with your desire to have great marks. Eagerness to study comes when you have a future vision about your life and where do you want to be after graduation from college, without having such eagerness, studying could be challenging.
A recent study showed that students who have a future vision so that they know what life looks like after graduation are more motivated than those who don't have a future vision. Here are some points to motivate yourself to study:
1. Know your destination: while studying at high school, give yourself some time to search for colleges that you feel that they are appealing to you so that you can have a better view for your choice to know what is the college that better suits you. Knowing your destination by knowing the best college that suits you will motivate you to study more at high school and will make you have better grades.
2. Live in your future: you can apply this on any school year. ...
Nov 14, 2017
Study Skills 609 Views
IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.
IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term "IGCSE" is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.
The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.
IGCSE is now offered in independent schools and private international schools in more than 120 countries. The IGCSE ...
Oct 6, 2017
Teaching 821 Views
Deciding on to become an English teacher abroad is one of the best decisions one can make as it will offer him/her with a life of teaching and travelling, given that the person is passionate about it. Anyone who’s deciding on to teach English in Europe, need to start on their next level planning i.e. to decide where in Europe do they actually want to teach. The continent of Europe is home to a number of beautiful countries and the difference can be seen ranging hugely. It is a crucial to know which country is right before venturing out to make it the new home. One of the most attractive things about Europe is its ideal work environment. In many important European counties, the pace is slightly slower compared to most parts of the world though expectations for quality teaching remain the same. Students learning English are eager to learn quickly, while they also take up enough time as to fully absorb the new language. The work environment in most of Europe includes time for relaxation, ...
~~What should I teach?
The first thing a teacher needs to decide is WHAT they want to teach. What do children need to learn?
• Vocabulary - These should be concrete items in the children’s environment, grouped by category, as vocabulary is easier to remember that way.
• Functional Dialogues - Things children say every day.
• Listening - Children learning a foreign language can understand more than they can say.
• Grammar - Simple, useful structures that children can substitute vocabulary items into and make their own sentences. It is important to include statements as well as questions and answers.
• Phonics/Reading/Writing - Children learning English need lots of support, reading and writing are hard skills to master and require patience and practice.
The Lesson Plan
A basic lesson plan makes planning easier. Lesson plans are needed by the learners in order to provide structure and routine to their learning, the parents need one in order to have confidence in the teacher.
Below is a ...
~~Context, function and form give learners the essential where, why and how of the language (or skill) being taught. A lesson needs all three to make it clear and engaging.
Context – the where and why of the language situation.
Function – the intent (or the why) of the language used, its purpose
Form – the structure of the language
When devising contexts you should consider where the language is being used, by whom and for what purpose. It should be connected to real life and to the learners. A good context clarifies meaning and function and gives learners a reason to communicate and use what is being taught.
A good context also motivates and engages learners by showing them how the language is meaningful to them and allows them to build connections with the language and where and how it can be used. Context establishes a basis for everything in the lesson and makes the lesson flow smoother.
One clear and relevant context needs to be set at the start of every class. Switching ...
Sep 16, 2017
Teaching Methodology 1559 Views
Educational practices are incredibly diverse not only around the world, but even within a given school. What some might view as the best approach to educating children, others might see as a mediocre attempt to do so.
The video "Pre-school in Three Different Cultures" illustrates this diversity in educational styles to the viewer. The documentary consists of the filming of three different pre-schools in different countries during the span of a normal day. The summaries of the day's activities given in the video for each of the pre-schools let the viewer analyze both the social and academic aspects of the children's experience throughout the day. The pre-schools included in the video are Komatsudani from Japan, Dong-feng from China, and St.Timothy from the U.S. (Hawaii). The following paper will shed light on what is known as constructivism and behaviorism, and describe which one of the schools falls under each category.
Constructivism is the theory that views children as little ...
Sep 16, 2017
Grammar 1102 Views
There is obviously no shortcut to mastering anything and the same goes with English grammar. It takes a significant amount of time to understand as well as put English grammar to use. However there are obviously ways to improve your grammar and help you to speak correctly and efficiently. Some tips and tricks that you must be working on to improve your grammar are as follows.
1. Concentrate on tense
This should be on top of your list. This is because the tense can dictate your verb and can define the exact timeline or period of your action or anyone's action. Thus you need to mandatorily memorize all the verb forms. The truth here is that we do not always use all tenses while speaking English. Thus try interacting with good and efficient English speakers to improve your own English.
2. Common pronouns
Concentrate on pronouns. A pronoun when used incorrectly can make your entire sentence incorrect. Thus any pronoun in particular should be used in the correct place in order to be ...