Jun 14, 2018
Teacher Training 3293 Views
~~It can be said that a lot of what happens during the lesson in the act of teaching is unknown by the teacher, this is because teachers are often unaware of the many of the moment-to-moment decisions they make during the class.
It can be argued, therefore, that teachers need to be more aware in the classroom and how to self-monitor. One way of doing this is through action research focused on classroom discourse analysis. In analyzing classroom language it is possible to examine and assess objective data on both teacher and learner output. In considering and transcribing language teachers can easily identify when they might be limiting or facilitating communication. This can be invaluable in raising awareness about what actually happens in the classroom, leading to any required adjustments to maximise communicative potential.
This self-monitoring of spoken discourse analysis is vital in young learner classes as these individuals are far less likely to challenge the teachers’ style. ...
Jun 14, 2018
Classroom Materials 2384 Views
~~Pictures and photos are a valuable resource for stimulating classroom communication and can be used for more than setting the scene and eliciting vocabulary. Rather they can provide numerous opportunities for learning English while communicating about real-world events.
The activities listed below are merely some examples and can be easily modified and adapted for use with different learners, a wide range of target language, communicative goals and learner needs.
As with all activities these need clear, imaginative demonstrations to encourage learner participation. Using 2 or 3 pictures as examples when setting up the activities will help learners see how they can adjust for different situations. Eliciting ideas during the demonstration helps engage the learners and avoid misunderstandings. Learners need to feel safe in the classroom before they are willing to be creative and play with the language and activity.
• Alternative Scenarios – learners create a story to go with a picture ...
May 16, 2018
Teaching 2874 Views
NB: The information contained within these notes is generic and while is relevant for Asian learners, not just Japanese, not all learners will have the problems outlined below. Learners are individuals and these notes are not meant to be exhaustive but an introduction to the issues faced by Japanese/Asian learners.
Despite studying English for at least three years in Junior High School, three years in High School and the possibility of two-four years at university, many Japanese adults still have real problems using English. Although recently teachers have been using more communicative methods in Junior High Schools, translation is the main method of teaching in High School and this is the system most of our adult learners have been through – where the focus has been on grammar and reading. Most Japanese English teachers are reluctant to speak English themselves, or may not have high communicative ability, as most learning in schools is aimed at getting students through exams.
~~There are similarities and differences between Adults and Young Learners (YL) as language learners. It is important to remember that learners are all individuals so the ideas below are general not specific to a learner type.
Can deal with abstract concepts
Can deal with metalinguistics
Can work independently
Understands discourse e.g. will listen to what the other person says & use that to shape their response
Generally internalize all language during individual tasks
Have decided to study English for their own reasons
Need clear goals & purpose for all tasks
Needs language presented in context
Require a variety of learning styles to be present in a lesson
Need concrete (not abstract) vocabulary
Need a lot of emotional support
Must have clear, obvious meanings to all phrases
Enjoy playing around with language, inc. non-grammatical utterances
Often externalize language during individual tasks
May 16, 2018
Teacher Training 2984 Views
When a school looks for a new teacher particularly at the junior level, they create a picture of the teacher they desire. Every school has certain considerations for the teaching staffs and these depend on the setting of the school and the children. While the traits considered for teachers may be different, there are some essential teacher training courses that are mandatory for every novice teacher to ace their competency. Below I have discussed some of the most popular and obligatory teacher training courses.
Pre Primary Teacher Training- Training for the preschool teacher has gained a lot of acceptance as it lays strong establishment for later learning of a kid. With the international teacher training coming to light, the requirement for teachers who possess necessary qualification to teach worldwide classroom has increased enormously.
Montessori Teacher Training- The training focuses on the method of teaching developed by Dr. Maria Montessori. The child-oriented educational ...
May 15, 2018
Classroom Materials 2134 Views
Craft activities are great fun in the classroom and are especially effective young learners. Activities can take more time to prepare in advance, and can turn out to be messy, but they also create meaningful learning opportunities and help make language seem more real. Below are some of the advantages of doing craft in the EFL classroom as well as some top tips for carrying them out.
Advantages of craft activities
Craft encourages children’s creativity and allows them to express themselves and their own designs. As with all creative tasks, this works best when children are given a clear template or outline of what they will do and all they need to do is personalize small parts for themselves.
Young learners especially tend to be kinaesthetic. They interact with the world by touching and exploring, which make the objects more real for them. Craft activities tap into this natural inquisitiveness by getting them to work with things they can ...
May 10, 2018
Classroom Management 3069 Views
What is the purpose of a school trip?
A school trip should have great educational value. School trips can provide a wonderful opportunity for students to gain experience and see and take part in something they are learning about in the classroom. There are obvious limitations with a classroom environment but with a school trip you can bring the lesson to life.
The benefits of school trips include:
Visual awareness and enhancement of a school subject
Boosting personal and educational development
Developing leadership skills
Learning about a new culture (especially when travelling abroad)
Improving school performance
When the trip is over you could hand out rewards to everyone who attended or even medals for special achievements during the trip, such as any fears conquered.
What has to go into school trip planning?
Apr 14, 2018
Study Skills 2593 Views
Common English Grammar mistakes:Well, you can start by reading through this post to see which common grammar mistakes resonate with you the most. (It’s okay — we’re all guilty of at least one.) Make a mental note to avoid that mistake in the future, or heck, just bookmark this page to remind yourself of them over and over (and over) again.
Apostrophes aren’t difficult to use once you know how, but putting them in the wrong place is one of the most common grammar mistakes in the English language. Many people use an apostrophe to form the plural of a word, particularly if the word in question ends in a vowel, which might make the word look strange with an S added to make it plural.
Apostrophes indicate possession — something belonging to something or someone else.
To indicate something belonging to one person, the apostrophe goes before the ‘s’. For instance, “The girl’s horse.”
To indicate something belonging to more than one person, put the apostrophe ...
Essentially, as ESL teachers, we need to focus on our students' success in mastering speaking, reading, writing and studying in English. Teaching is a two-way process. As we are all aware, we learn from every student, as they seek to learn from us.
Here are some tips for a balanced approach to become more effective ESL education.
(1) Determine who each student is, from which land they have migrated, which language is their native tongue, which customs they practise, and what their goals are, as they master the challenge of learning English in a different culture.
(2) Develop a 'sharing is caring' approach, to acquire cultural awareness. This is applicable to an ESL classroom, or to a one-to-one ESL tutorial.
(3) Aim for visual prompts, and non-verbal gestures. Dress with smile, a global language. Our students may experience 'culture shock', but are ready to embrace their new country, a new culture, a new language. Teachers who are teaching English in overseas lands, may expect ...
Essentially, teaching English as a Second Language in Australia presents both challenges and rewards. It is a challenge to any ESL teacher or tutor to prepare lessons which are relevant and motivational. Students may be adult refugees or migrants, learning English to participate in society, or to attain qualifications in Australian colleges or universities. Additionally, students may be refugees or migrant children, who are learning to speak, read and write English. Alternatively, students may be international business people who wish to communicate better in English. Any ESL lesson must consider such individual diversity.
Each student is at a different level, so the ESL teacher must slow down their speech, and can utilise non-verbal gestures as additional input, to get their message across to their students. Appropriate materials need to be prepared, which can involve a lot of paper work. Follow up is vital, to ensure clear comprehension for students. Questions must be ...