Jul 13, 2017
Teaching 1019 Views
Motivation is the reason/s for doing something, factors which make us keen to do something. These reasons can be individual and personal or come from external sources.
If learners are motivated then classes are smoother and more productive. For example:
Motivated learners will be…
* Active classroom participants
* Ask questions
* Be prepared to take risks
* Willing to communicate
* Able to learn more
Un-motivated learners will be...
* Disinterested in activities
* Easily distracted
* Unwilling to communicate
As teachers it is our responsibility to ensure the learners are and remain motivated. There are a number of ways to do this:
* Personalise activities
* Do fun, interesting lessons
* Take an interest in the learners
* Be fully engaged in the lesson
* Make sure all tasks are successful
* Balance between praise and correction
* Be supportive of learner needs in the classroom; able to adapt lessons
Jul 13, 2017
Teaching 678 Views
~~There are numerous advantages and disadvantages to teaching/learning in a 1-1 environment. For example:
Learners have teacher’s full attention
Go at the learners pace
Teacher modified input suitable for the learners
No mixed abilities to deal with
Teacher needs to develop strategies & approaches for 1 learner
Higher STT (student talking time)
Focus on individual strengths and weaknesses
Learner more confident/less worried about making mistakes
Exhausting/demanding for both teachers & learners
Little published material available – difficult to adapt resources
Limited/no individual study time
Lesson can get monotonous
Can be difficult for T to take notes for correction
Chance of a personality clash
Learners focus of T attention
Easier to get side-tracked
No peer teaching/correction
Difficult to measure progress
Teacher is always ‘on’
1-1 is probably the oldest method of ...
Jul 13, 2017
Teaching 1151 Views
Routines are very useful in classrooms and apply to both adults’ and children’s classes. These routines include:
Following the same format in each lesson
Learners always do the same action upon starting or finishing an activity e.g. putting their hands on their head, saying ‘finished!’
Always carrying out tasks in the same format. E.g. The teacher does the activity by themselves or with one learner, then two learners do the activity (with prompts form the teacher), finally the class do the activity.
Consistent application of classroom rules.
Reacting to children in a consistent manner. i.e. do not accept on type of behavior one week and then suddenly react very strongly the next week.
Introduce, check and practice new language in a complete fashion.
Advantages of routines in the classroom:
Learners know what is happening at any stage of the lesson
It can help with classroom management. Young learners know what will happen at different stages of the lesson ...
Thinking and choosing the right career option just after passing 12th is a scary idea in itself. If you have an adventurous soul, and a passion for travelling, chances are that you can land yourself as an aspiring EFL/ESL teacher. Choosing a career in teaching can be very rewarding, but choosing to be an ESL teacher is a different game altogether and has its own exclusive appeal. One of the major attractions is the skyrocketing demand for ESL teachers all over the world. According to the British council, it is estimated that more than 1 billion people are currently learning English world-wide as it is gaining popularity as the new international medium.
TEFL not only provide one with a scope to travel the world, but also moulds into a different person who is more ready than ever to adapt to any given situation or place. It will only widen your knowledge and broaden your horizons. A TEFL course can pave a great way to travel the world and the exciting part is that the travels are funded ...
Jul 31, 2017
Writing 995 Views
Research teaches us that in order for reading to be beneficial to a reader that it must be embraced as a meaning-making process. This suggests that the act of reading involves deriving understanding from the text. Since reading and writing are reciprocal processes, it can be assumed that just as meaning is gathered from reading that some benefit should be gathered from writing. This indeed is true. Writing can be considered an informational-constructive process because the writer's endeavor should always be to construct and deliver information in a matter that can be successfully transferred to their audience. In order for this to occur, writing instruction should be geared towards ensuring that students write with clarity, cohesiveness, and "sharability".
So, let's begin by exploring clarity. The term clarity, in this sense, suggests that the writer demonstrates the ability to deliver a transparent message to his or her audience. Many times when guiding our developing writers through ...
Jul 31, 2017
Career Development 858 Views
Contract and Relief Teachers and Their Responsibilities, Some Advice for the Head of Department
Relief and contract teachers often come into a school which is completely new to them in every respect. So, as head of department, it was my responsibility to induct them into my department. One of my initiatives soon after I was appointed was to create a department handbook to record our policy and procedures. This handbook was updated each year with each teacher being given an updated version annually. This handbook was also part of my induction program for relief and contract teachers.
This article contains the information in that handbook for the benefit of relief Teachers and temporary teachers on short contracts.
"During your stay with us you are considered part of our team and are accordingly required to adhere to the professional duties of teachers at this department as outlined below:
1. Times of Duty
Our working conditions require us all to be at school no later than 8.35am. ...
Jul 31, 2017
Classroom Management 1259 Views
Naturally, every instructor has his/her God-given voice. This voice is what instructors use in conversing with people in their everyday life activities. They are known and identified by such voices. This natural voice must not be confused with speaking with the naturalness which has been endorsed by many public speakers as one of the efficient speaking habits. This naturalness is contrasted with a public speaker being nervous, shaky or straining the voice as a result of shyness or unpreparedness of his/her lesson delivery. Thus, it is essential to be natural in this context as an instructor. However, the natural voice is the tone, manner and voice expression that an instructor uses in his/her everyday conversations. It is usually characterized by low-toned speech, not meant for a large group. Some instructors naturally speak in a relatively fast manner. Others unnecessarily use jargons or mannerisms while speaking. Still, some instructors naturally stammer while speaking. Also, some ...
Vocabulary is: All words make up our vocabulary. All languages have words. Words come in different forms and perform different jobs. Each language will have rules over how words can change, which words work with which, how words sound.
When teaching vocabulary it is important that learners know:
* the meaning of the words (this can include when we should/not use it
* the form of the words (what it looks like, where it goes in a sentence & what it sounds like)
It is important that teachers repeat (through drilling, elicitation and examples) and recycle (through activities, games and tasks) vocabulary to make learning fluent.
There are 2 types of vocabulary teaching:
* Productive (Active) vocabulary – this is what the learner needs to speak &/or write. They need to understand, remember and use it in the lesson. There will be more focus on practice, production & pronunciation.
* Receptive (Passive) vocabulary – what the learner needs to read &/or listen to. They need ...
~~Communicative activities are tasks or activities that involve the learners using the target language to communicate with each other.
The point is for learners to be using the language themselves to try to mimic realistic exchanges they could have in the real world. Communicative activities should be learner centred as opposed to drilling activities which require the teacher keeping more of a focal role. Obviously at this age it is difficult to produce genuinely authentic language but as far as possible we should try to set up activities that mimic real life uses of English.
For young learners any activity where the learners communicate directly with each other and not the teacher can be a communicative activity. Even a simple game like Whispers is a communicative activity for young learners.
Below are some communicative activities.
• Role plays – children could act out dialogues based on real scenarios and could then either adapt the dialogues or ‘write’ new ones to personalize the ...