English teachers use English as the subject of instruction when teaching students of middle and high schools, as well as college, typically about reading and writing. They handle several different subjects, like grammar, reading comprehension, composition and literature, among others. College students who are majoring in English take highly specialized classes in middle English, literary theory and short story writing, to name a few. The tasks of every English teacher depend on the level of students he/she is teaching.
English teachers give more general classes to students from the middle school level. The subject matter includes grammar, literature and composition. In high school, they teach general classes, as well as particular topics, like creative writing. When it comes to college level, they teach classes that are focused on particular subjects, some of which are American literature, journalism and novel writing.
Some English teachers hold as much as six class periods in a day, ...
Oct 18, 2015
Teaching Methodology 4040 Views
The A.C.T. Strategy Part 1 of 3
Prison. Juvenile detention centers. The mean streets of the city. All of these things and more are possibilities for kids these days. I know, because I've been there myself. One simple, stupid mistake made when I was a teenager led to four hard years in a correctional facility, and during that time I spent nearly every day feeling like I had completely destroyed my chances of having a life. It's a harsh, empty feeling and one that nobody should have to go through.
I turned my life around, however. It wasn't easy - it never is - but I was finally released from prison after what felt like an eternity. The first months after getting out were rough. Jail doesn't exactly prepare a young person for a role as a model citizen, after all. But today I've moved into a management position at a highly successful company and spend much of my free time as a youth mentor and professional speaker, trying to help at-risk kids avoid the same mistakes I made and start ...
As a result of globalization and technological progress, English as a language started to be widely learnt and taught. Throughout history, that language was influenced by other languages such as French and German.
Historical Development of the English Language
Baugh et al (2002) have explained the idea that today's English language is resulted from centuries of political development and social events which affected the English history and as a result they had an impact on the English language. The history of the English language can be summarized in four phases of evolution: Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English, and Present-Day English. Old English is the language used between 450 AD and 1100 AD, the period from 1100 to 1500 is Middle English, Early Modern English was used between 1500 and 1800, and the period since 1800 is Present-Day English. The Roman conversion of the church of Britain in 597 AD, made contact between England and Latin civilization and ...
Oct 18, 2015
E-Learning/CALL 2387 Views
Online teaching can be exciting, rewarding, frustrating, demanding, and challenging all at the same time. The opportunities for new online teaching opportunities are becoming limited now because of the number of schools that offer online classes, and the process of landing a quality adjunct position has become very competitive. For example, it is not uncommon for someone who is highly experienced and educated to receive the dreaded no thank you email from a human resources department, without anyone ever having taken the time to contact them to discuss their background. So what do you do while you wait for your first (or next) online teaching opportunity? The answer can be summed up as becoming prepared for the role and continuing your professional self-development. There are essentials or best practices that every online instructor needs, which will allow you to become prepared once you are familiar with and understand how to apply them.
The work of an online instructor is measured ...
Oct 18, 2015
Teaching 3164 Views
A problem is 'a situation that presents an opportunity to make a difference in making things better' and problem solving is the process involved in the conversion of a 'current situation' into a 'desirable future situation'. Any thought process that thinks about ways of increasing quality of life or avoiding a decrease in the quality of life is actually being involved in the process of 'problem solving'.
The area broadly defined as Problem Solving usually consists of using ad hoc methods or means to find solutions to problems in a methodical and orderly manner. Examples of problem solving techniques can be taken from those related to 'psychology' that involves mental solving methods.
It is used in many areas and disciplines with varying perspectives and terminologies - e.g. mental process in psychology, computerized methods or processes in computer science and so on.
In education, an important goal is to teach and help students think more productively using a process of "creative ...
Oct 25, 2015
Classroom Management 4361 Views
According to Education Week, a 2013 Gallup Poll found that high schools engaged only 55% of the students. That means nearly half of all students (45%) are not engaged. Gallup defines "engagement" as involvement and enthusiasm for school. Another Gallup Study found that engagement relates to achievement. In 2009, Gallup looked at 78,000 students in 80 schools. A 1% increase in engagement translated into a 6-point increase in reading ability. That same 1% increase resulted in an 8-point increase in math scores. Clearly, we have a large learning problem. But we also have a big chance to improve achievement.
Teachers must take steps to overcome student inertia. They can reclaim the attention of reluctant students with simple practices. None of these are enough singly. But together they form a powerful system. They can reverse student disengagement. I know that there are school reforms to combat disengagement. But here I only deal with classroom practices. I focus on what one teacher can ...
The Vietnamese take English very seriously. Along with their own language and mathematics, English is accorded the highest priority in primary and secondary schools. Not only is the subject studied in school, but in Hanoi all parents that can afford the fees arrange for their children to receive extra instruction in the evenings and at weekends. Extra lessons taught by the school English teacher are virtually compulsory, as teachers need the opportunity to boost their incomes, but in addition, many parents seek lessons from a native English speaker.
Teaching a class of nine twelve-year-old boys and one girl for more than one hundred lessons spread over a little more than a year was a stimulating and rewarding experience. At first the children seemed to be surprisingly advanced in grammar but they were shy to use English in conversation, speaking reluctantly, hesitantly and quietly. It was decided that the main aim of the classes would be to build confidence in self-expression in ...
Oct 25, 2015
Other 2448 Views
Coming to America may seem lightheartedly amusing and exciting in the 1988's Eddy Murphy comedy film, but to an adolescent it can be a time-sensitive challenge he or she needs to quickly resolve in order to secure her place in the new land and in the new developmental stage of being an adult. Identity formation is a complex process, as Erik Erikson put it, "located in the core of the individual and yet also in the core of the communal culture; a process which establishes, in fact, the identify of those two identities" (Erikson, 1959). But if identity formation are intertwined in such a multifaceted way, how does an adolescent, who is a newly arrived immigrant and also an English Learner, deal with this struggle of defining who they are, what their culture will be, and what the self will ultimately be?
The answer may not be an easy one. The multiple "me's" that emerge-such as, the home me, the school me, the peers me, and the various selves that adolescents quickly learn to manage in ...
Oct 25, 2015
Teacher Training 4316 Views
I always looked forward to being asked to supervise trainee teachers during my teaching career. This was because it forced me to look at my teaching. With the constant pressure of the job, I, like many others in the profession, sometimes went back to the old chalk and talk types lessons far too often. The arrival of the trainee teacher reminded me of all the different pedagogue/teaching strategies I could use to stimulate my students' learning.
So I would look at ways in which I could show the trainee a variety of teaching strategies that increased interest in my students. Their arrival also meant I would endeavour to teach the "perfect" lessons to inspire them and my students.
In doing this I was trying to create an image of how a teacher works in a professional way. As well I would endeavour to give the trainee a wide experience of school life, not just in the classroom but in the staff room and in the playground.
I always provided more opportunities to experience teaching than was ...
Oct 30, 2015
Speaking/Listening 3380 Views
When you first start learning the French language or the German language, or any second language, the fastest way to "open mouth, insert foot" is to use idioms like the one I just did. Idioms can make for idiots. Not really, but I love alliteration.
The initial response of my students when I impart that advice is "What's an idiom?" An idiom is an expression or phrase, where the meaning of each individual word does not add up to the message being conveyed. The whole is not the sum of its parts in this case. Therefore, the meaning of an idiom is not at all predictable. This is why they don't translate at all into the second language.
Here are some examples of idioms in American English:
brain dead. Is your brain really dead? Of course not.
I am full. What part of you is actually "full"? What are you full of? Don't say it. I know what you're thinking.
What's up? "up" to a non-English speaker is in an upward direction, over one's head. The sky is up. The sun is up.
I'm wiped out. Did ...