Academic institutions of learning are now turned into international communities with diverse students of varied and complex cultures. As a result, instructors must strive to put in structures to accommodate all the cultural diversities of students in his/her class. This is very important because educational institutions must be communities where cultural hybridism is encouraged to serve as a pilot community of peace and unity. However, instructors must be assisted with practical steps in knowing how to handle a class of students with varied cultures. This would prevent any form of culture abuse that may stir anger, chaos and mar the unity that should be the hallmark of every academic institution.
The instructor must provide a learning context that is friendly to all cultures. To be able to do this, the instructor must take time to study the different cultures of the students in his/her class. S/he must research and know more about the cultures of the students so that s/he wouldn't ...
Jun 21, 2017
Teaching 383 Views
Elementary schools that still schedule students into self-contained classrooms could be depriving their students of a better education. Teachers in self-contained classrooms are not always the most qualified people to teach all four core subjects (literacy, social studies, math and science). In addition, teachers in self-contained classes are generally not confident in teaching all four subjects. Schools should seek other ways to schedule their teachers that better support both teacher and student achievement.
Before the school starts to develop a different model for its students, the administration should investigate the certification of all teachers. This will allow the administration to stay in compliance with all federal and state laws before giving teaching assignments. In-addition, the administration should talk with teachers to find out which subjects they are qualified to teach or would feel comfortable teaching.
This information will give administration the background ...
"When all think alike, then no one is thinking." - Walter Lippman
The development of technology plays a highly vibrant part in media evolution from outmoded to contemporary technology presentations for its messages to reach every individual consumers. As a result, the media does changes which are evidently observed among its genre such as films that manifest complex structures to impress audience. Furthermore, it can be perceived that from films' posters to their end credits, are unseen factors which tend to be highly pedagogical for English language acquisition when imaginatively and seriously handled by language educators. This inventive awareness anchors with the theory of audio- visual literacy which supports the said material for the enhancement of learners' linguistic and communicative competence. This concept fetches us to a solid idea that every film's features do not only function as purely entertainment but are possibly noteworthy in language achievement. In other words, ...
~~From time to time in any teaching situation you will come across mixed-ability classes. People learn at different rates and develop different skills, so in any class you’ll have some people who are better at speaking, some which are better at listening, others at acquiring and understanding form and structure etc. Consider yourself and your peers, do you feel particularly less confident when discussing grammar compared to devising games for your learners, alternatively you may feel adept at organising your lessons and activities but just can’t get to grips with teaching pronunciation? – This doesn’t imply that any teacher is better than another it means that we acquire skills and information differently. This situation is the same for our learners, which can be frustrating both for them and the teacher.
With young learners of English the effects of mixed ability classes may be more pronounced as they may have started learning at different ages, some may receive more parental support ...
~~Children, especially very young children, are physical, tactile and use all their senses to experience the world around them. They need a variety of activities to acquire the language they are presented with: music, games and movement.
Research has shown that using craft in the classroom results in:
• curiosity about the language and the task
• behaviour and socialization
• more involved children
Craft activities can be anything from simple colouring pages to more complicated constructed projects. They combine learning and fun while providing an opportunity to personalise the language and increase opportunities for social development. During craft activities learners are exposed to a wider range of vocabulary and lots of repetition of key terms, such as colours, numbers, in addition to developing their fine motor skills.
Every lesson should contain some sort of practical task (painting, cutting and sticking etc.).
Tips for using craft successfully:
• Preparation: Prepare as much as ...
~~What knowledge are you using to read this? One thing you are using is your knowledge of the grapho-phonemic relationships of English, i.e. the links between written letters and the sounds they represent. You’ve also had a lot of practise with English spelling conventions. You’re using your knowledge of English grammar and quickly take in the morphemes of English, the grammatical units of meaning such as the –ed ending we use to make the regular form of past tenses. All these skills took a while to build up. It’s also going to take our learners a long time to build up these same skills.
Let’s start by considering the basic skills you need to build up to become literate. Reading can be seen as decoding different pieces of information. We use visual information when we recognise written symbols. We use phonological information when we connect these symbols to sounds. Finally we use semantic information when we use these symbols and their sounds and connect words to meaning. Phonics ...
Jun 21, 2017
Lesson Planning 225 Views
~~ What’s a lesson plan?
Your lesson plan should be a framework for your lesson. A successful plan has a strong start and a clear finishing point. The stages in between are to get you from one to the other. A Lesson Plan is simply a step-by-step guide to what a teacher plans to do in the classroom on a given day: the more detailed the better. Ideally, you should be able to produce a plan that could be read by another teacher who would know exactly how to teach your class. A good plan might also include specific gestures and cues used in different parts of the lesson.
How do I plan?
The best plans consider the finishing point or aims first (e.g. Role play “Eating in a restaurant”) and then work backwards to consider all the language and practice needed to be able to do that (e.g. making suggestions; food and drink vocabulary; listening practice; preparation time.)
Why is planning important?
You need to consider your aims carefully. This will enable you to anticipate problems and ...
~~Teaching children can be a challenging prospect, especially to those who are new to teaching. But don’t worry! Below are some FAQs about teaching English to young children, with suggestions and tips.
Q: What should my main role be when teaching?
A: In a young learner class your role is very special. Your enthusiasm for English and having fun will be transmitted to the children. This leads to their love of coming to your lesson and learning English!
As a teacher of young children you need to be prepared to do silly things the children enjoy – for example, putting your hands on your head to make rabbit ears and jumping around the classroom pretending to be a rabbit.
As a teacher it is important to demonstrate new vocabulary and language, either by showing the children realia/pictures or actually doing the action. Young children learn by watching and imitating a model. So by seeing the language in action the child understands what this ‘strange’ English is all about. Children watch, ...
~~'Language games' are seen as an activity where learners use language to achieve a goal (usually by exchanging some kind of information), according to clear rules, in an enjoyably competitive environment. A classic example is 'Back to the board', where players identify unseen words written on the board using clues from their team-mates.
Teachers should see games as a legitimate use of classroom time and a useful motivational tool, offering valuable language practice. There is a plentiful supply of published materials featuring a wide variety of language games.
The advantages of language games are that they can:
1. Reduce learner stress and so increase their receptive to learning
2. Offer demanding and thorough language practice
3. Provide a context for genuine, purposeful communication
4. Allow teachers an opportunity to analyze learners' strengths and weaknesses
However, fun can be a trap for inexperienced teachers, because they might assume that learners who are 'having fun' are ...
Jun 21, 2017
Teaching 212 Views
~~These are just a few ideas of how to make whole-class correction of homework more of an active challenge.
• Give learners a chance to compare their answers in pairs. They can then correct / change / complete their own answers before a whole class check.
• Take names out of a hat to nominate who will answer (make sure this is done in a ‘fun’ way, explaining they have an opportunity to PASS if they want).
• Use a ball nominate who gets to give their answer to questions. Whoever gets the ball throws it to the next learner. Again, give them an opportunity to pass if necessary.
• Alternate between asking for answers to be volunteered and calling on specific learners to answer questions.
• Pre-prepare a grid that includes the question numbers for the various exercises that are to be corrected. Leave a space next to each question number. At the beginning of the lesson, get learners to put their name down to answer the various questions. Tell them that, even if they did not do the homework ...