Nov 14, 2017
Learning Methodology 154 Views
The following is an article response to the discourse between two prominent researchers, Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, who debated on the psychogenesis of knowledge and its epistemological significance (Beakley, & Ludlow, 1992). The premise of the debate, led by Piaget, was to argue that the hallmark of cognitive development is "construction of the new", a constructivist concept. According to Piaget, constructivism explains how individuals are actively involved in a constructive exchange with the environment through assimilation and accommodation which contributes to the acquisition of learning and of knowledge (Piaget, 1980).
Piaget argues against those notions of association because those models do not support how anything can be produced from nature, since individuals, as emphasized by John Locke, are born with a 'blank slate'. These anti-empiricist and anti-behaviorist notions are challenged by Chomsky. Chomsky disagrees with Piaget's notion of constructivism and he claims ...
Nov 14, 2017
Study Skills 136 Views
Motivation to study is when you have the eagerness to study with your desire to have great marks. Eagerness to study comes when you have a future vision about your life and where do you want to be after graduation from college, without having such eagerness, studying could be challenging.
A recent study showed that students who have a future vision so that they know what life looks like after graduation are more motivated than those who don't have a future vision. Here are some points to motivate yourself to study:
1. Know your destination: while studying at high school, give yourself some time to search for colleges that you feel that they are appealing to you so that you can have a better view for your choice to know what is the college that better suits you. Knowing your destination by knowing the best college that suits you will motivate you to study more at high school and will make you have better grades.
2. Live in your future: you can apply this on any school year. ...
Nov 14, 2017
Study Skills 110 Views
IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.
IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term "IGCSE" is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.
The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.
IGCSE is now offered in independent schools and private international schools in more than 120 countries. The IGCSE ...
Oct 6, 2017
Teaching 165 Views
Deciding on to become an English teacher abroad is one of the best decisions one can make as it will offer him/her with a life of teaching and travelling, given that the person is passionate about it. Anyone who’s deciding on to teach English in Europe, need to start on their next level planning i.e. to decide where in Europe do they actually want to teach. The continent of Europe is home to a number of beautiful countries and the difference can be seen ranging hugely. It is a crucial to know which country is right before venturing out to make it the new home. One of the most attractive things about Europe is its ideal work environment. In many important European counties, the pace is slightly slower compared to most parts of the world though expectations for quality teaching remain the same. Students learning English are eager to learn quickly, while they also take up enough time as to fully absorb the new language. The work environment in most of Europe includes time for relaxation, ...
~~What should I teach?
The first thing a teacher needs to decide is WHAT they want to teach. What do children need to learn?
• Vocabulary - These should be concrete items in the children’s environment, grouped by category, as vocabulary is easier to remember that way.
• Functional Dialogues - Things children say every day.
• Listening - Children learning a foreign language can understand more than they can say.
• Grammar - Simple, useful structures that children can substitute vocabulary items into and make their own sentences. It is important to include statements as well as questions and answers.
• Phonics/Reading/Writing - Children learning English need lots of support, reading and writing are hard skills to master and require patience and practice.
The Lesson Plan
A basic lesson plan makes planning easier. Lesson plans are needed by the learners in order to provide structure and routine to their learning, the parents need one in order to have confidence in the teacher.
Below is a ...
~~Context, function and form give learners the essential where, why and how of the language (or skill) being taught. A lesson needs all three to make it clear and engaging.
Context – the where and why of the language situation.
Function – the intent (or the why) of the language used, its purpose
Form – the structure of the language
When devising contexts you should consider where the language is being used, by whom and for what purpose. It should be connected to real life and to the learners. A good context clarifies meaning and function and gives learners a reason to communicate and use what is being taught.
A good context also motivates and engages learners by showing them how the language is meaningful to them and allows them to build connections with the language and where and how it can be used. Context establishes a basis for everything in the lesson and makes the lesson flow smoother.
One clear and relevant context needs to be set at the start of every class. Switching ...
Sep 16, 2017
Teaching Methodology 583 Views
Educational practices are incredibly diverse not only around the world, but even within a given school. What some might view as the best approach to educating children, others might see as a mediocre attempt to do so.
The video "Pre-school in Three Different Cultures" illustrates this diversity in educational styles to the viewer. The documentary consists of the filming of three different pre-schools in different countries during the span of a normal day. The summaries of the day's activities given in the video for each of the pre-schools let the viewer analyze both the social and academic aspects of the children's experience throughout the day. The pre-schools included in the video are Komatsudani from Japan, Dong-feng from China, and St.Timothy from the U.S. (Hawaii). The following paper will shed light on what is known as constructivism and behaviorism, and describe which one of the schools falls under each category.
Constructivism is the theory that views children as little ...
Sep 16, 2017
Grammar 542 Views
There is obviously no shortcut to mastering anything and the same goes with English grammar. It takes a significant amount of time to understand as well as put English grammar to use. However there are obviously ways to improve your grammar and help you to speak correctly and efficiently. Some tips and tricks that you must be working on to improve your grammar are as follows.
1. Concentrate on tense
This should be on top of your list. This is because the tense can dictate your verb and can define the exact timeline or period of your action or anyone's action. Thus you need to mandatorily memorize all the verb forms. The truth here is that we do not always use all tenses while speaking English. Thus try interacting with good and efficient English speakers to improve your own English.
2. Common pronouns
Concentrate on pronouns. A pronoun when used incorrectly can make your entire sentence incorrect. Thus any pronoun in particular should be used in the correct place in order to be ...
Sep 4, 2017
Teaching 465 Views
~~There are two ways to view reading in the younger learner classroom: learning to read and reading to learn.
Reading to learn involves target language and structures, which form part of the curriculum: for example the dialogue page of a textbook or unscrambling words or sentences. These activities are developing the learners awareness of language form, word order and, where supported by visual materials, context and usage. Reading to learn requires exposure to the target language before the reading activity can take place and so these activities are supported by input, drilling and often listening activities.
Learning to read involves recognition of letter and word shapes (looking at whole words and whole sentences), phonics (relating sounds to individual letters and blends and clusters of letters), and morphemes (e.g. adding ‘ing’ or ‘ed’ to a verb to change the meaning – listen – listening – listened).
Very often learning to read and reading to learn are combined. Learners are ...
‘Always do a warmer’ is a standard part of the EFL mantra, but why should we do them and what type of activity should they be?
The rationale for doing a warmer:
* The ice breaker. Often recommended with new students and classes but it actually applies to all students. People will communicate more easily if they feel familiar and comfortable with the person they are talking to. For new classes, warmers provide the chance to get to know their new classmates, to find something out about them. For existing classes, students often have no contact with each other outside of class so they will still feel a little awkward when suddenly forced back together in the lesson. Warmers give a chance for people to get to know the other people they will be communicating with.
* Lowering the affective filter. The affective filter refers to the mental barrier that we often put up which can often block or slow down the learning process. If we are happy and relaxed then we are more receptive to learning, ...